By Sally McMurry, Nancy Van Dolsen
The word "Pennsylvania German structure" most likely conjures photos of both the "continental" three-room condo with its large fire and five-plate stoves, or the massive Pennsylvania financial institution barn with its projecting overshoot. those and different emblems of Pennsylvania German structure have brought on nice curiosity between a large viewers, from travelers and genealogists to architectural historians, antiquarians, and folklorists. because the 19th century, students have engaged in box dimension and drawing, photographic documentation, and cautious commentary, leading to a scholarly dialog approximately Pennsylvania German development traditions. What cultural styles have been being expressed in those constructions? How did moving social, technological, and monetary forces form architectural adjustments? considering these early forays, our knowing has moved well past the three-room residence and the forebay barn.
In Architecture and panorama of the Pennsylvania Germans, 1720-1920, 8 essays by means of top students and maintenance execs not just describe very important architectural websites but additionally supply unique interpretive insights that may support enhance knowing of Pennsylvania German tradition and heritage. Pennsylvania Germans' lives are traced via their homes, barns, outbuildings, advertisement structures, church buildings, and landscapes. The essays convey to undergo years of box statement in addition to engagement with present scholarly views on matters akin to the character of "ethnicity," the social development of panorama, and up to date historiography concerning the Pennsylvania Germans. Dozens of unique measured drawings, showing the following for the 1st time in print, rfile vital works of Pennsylvania German structure, together with the enduring Bertolet barns in Berks County, the Martin Brandt farm complicated in Cumberland County, a nineteenth-century Pennsylvania German housemill, and concrete homes in Lancaster.
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Extra resources for Architecture and Landscape of the Pennsylvania Germans, 1720-1920
Mechanization, landscapes 25 Figure 7. ’’ Photograph by H. Winslow Fegley. Schwenkfelder Library, Pennsburg, Pa. By permission. Continuity and change appear here; a mideighteenth-century house and later stone barn share basic massing and proportions and a linear organization. in the form of automobiles, electricity, and other modern improvements, had encroached only minimally upon most peoples’ daily lives, and the countryside beneﬁted economically from its nearness to the urban markets of Philadelphia, Reading, Allentown, and Bethlehem.
By permission. Apples, and the cider, schnitz, and apple butter they yielded, were a key component of Pennsylvania German foodways. aries of smaller horse-cultivated farm ﬁelds, such ﬁelds began to be consolidated and enlarged, and their middle fences removed, once modern farming equipment became more common, since modern machines worked more efﬁciently on larger tracts. While many farmers continued to grow traditional crops such as wheat and corn, some Lancaster County farmers had shifted their focus to the more ‘‘modern’’ cash crop of tobacco (Figure 12).
From Robert P. : Historical Society of York County, 1966), 32. By permission. This drawing is another rare instance in which practices once common—in this case, fachwerk and center-chimney construction—are carefully documented. Figure 4. Lewis Miller, Michael Heinigae, the bird catcher (drawing). Michael Heinigae’s house and barn near York. From Robert P. : Historical Society of York County, 1966), 53. By permission. Note the thoughtful organization of buildings and center-chimney house. Figure 5.