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A History of Organized Labor in Uruguay and Paraguay by Robert J. Alexander

By Robert J. Alexander

In this quantity, Alexander sketches the historical past of prepared hard work within the nations of Uruguay and Paraguay. He covers such subject matters because the function of equipped exertions within the economics and politics of those international locations and their kin with the overseas exertions stream. it's in response to huge own contacts of the writer with the hard work events over virtually part a century. it can appear strange initially to have either one of those international locations in a single quantity simply because there doesn't exist at any place else in Latin the USA such old political disparity among neighboring international locations as that among Uruguay and Paraguay. notwithstanding even with the political contrasts, there are particular similarities within the heritage of the exertions hobbies of those republics.

In either Uruguay and Paraguay, the earliest corporations to be based through the staff have been mutual profit societies, instead of alternate unions. yet in either international locations, alternate unions which sought to guard their individuals opposed to employers began appearing. by way of the early years of the 20 th century, those unions started to call for that employers negotiate with them, and there have been increasingly more moves, trying to make those calls for potent. there have been quickly efforts to compile a few of the exchange unions into broader neighborhood, nationwide, and foreign hard work organizations.

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The political conflict between the two groups reached a climax during a strike in the packinghouses in January 1943. This walkout began in the Frigorifico Nacional to obtain the reinstatement of ten workers fired for union activity. ws/blogs/ChrisRedfield 32 A History of Organized Labor in Uruguay and Paraguay The Communist UGT leaders, then following a policy of unconditional support of the government and the Allies, attacked the leaders of this strike as Nazis. They particularly attacked Humberto Gómez, the principal leader of the walkout, and went so far as to have some Communist-controlled unions demand that Gómez be expelled from the country.

Cit. 116. International Press Correspondence, official news sheet of Communist International, article by Rodolfo Ghioldi, January 25, 1928. 117. El Sindicato Rojo, periodical of Grupos Comunistas, Montevideo, January 1923. 118. , February 1923. 119. , April 1923. 120. , April 1924. 121. La Correspondencia Sudamericana, official organ of South American Secretariat of Communist International, Buenos Aires, article by Eugenio Gómez, April 16, 1924. 122. El Sol, June 20, 1922. 123. , 1946, page 251.

72. , September 1, 1907. 73. , September 22, 1907. 74. , October 20, 1907. 75. Interview with Emilio Frugoni, leader of Partido Socialista del Uruguay, in Montevideo, November 25, 1946. 76. “Labor Parlementaria del Dr. d. 77. Acuña, op. , page 12. 78. Ibáñez’s biography of Frugoni, op. cit. 79. New York Times, December 7, 1930; see also Francisco R. d. 80. Pintos, Batlle y El Proceso Histórico del Uruguay, op. , pages 80– 89. 81. Rama in Jorge Batlle (editor), op. , pages 41–42. 82. , page 43. 83.

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