By Marc Romanych,Martin Rupp, et al.ePub Direct|Osprey Publishing Ltd||Osprey PublishingAdult NonfictionHistoryLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 20.01.2014Street date: 20.01.2014
In the early days of worldwide struggle I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it was once the biggest artillery piece of its sort on the planet and a heavily guarded mystery. while conflict broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed without delay from the manufacturing facility to Liege the place they fast destroyed forts and forced the fort to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German squaddies christened the howitzers 'Grosse' or 'Dicke Berta' (Fat or monstrous Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that equipped the howitzers. The nickname used to be quickly picked up by means of German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of massive Bertha used to be born. This publication information the layout and improvement of German siege weapons sooner than and through international conflict I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published photos of 'Big Bertha' and the opposite German siege guns....
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Extra resources for 42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I
The destructive power of the armored projectile was due to its mass and plunging trajectory; however, the rounds were not widely used because they were largely ineffective against targets made of reinforced concrete. The long projectiles were high-explosive rounds with thinner walls and a large explosive charge. They were lighter and could be fired further than the armored rounds. Later, the rounds were made with two separate explosive charges for safer handling. The long projectiles were fitted with a fuse with three settings: no delay, short delay, or long delay.
Depending on weather and light conditions, the plume could be seen some 20 kilometers away. To deceive the enemy, the siege batteries built decoy battery positions and used special smoke generators to simulate the smoke plume at a location away from the battery. These measures were sufficient until later in the war when the French and British began using aerial photography and then technological sound and light detection means to locate artillery positions. In response, the siege batteries set up in wooded areas, camouflaged their positions against spotter aircraft, and spaced the battery guns further apart to survive an artillery attack.
5cm howitzer, none of the 28cm guns went into production. R. R. howitzer. R. – as a siege gun – was its large blast shield meant to shelter the gun crew from the muzzle blast. R. was disassembled into three pieces; barrel, carriage, and shield. Three to four hours were needed for assembly and emplacement. Maximum range was 12,000 meters. However, despite its good mobility and range, the howitzer did not go into production because it too lacked the firepower needed to guarantee success against the strongest French and Belgian fortifications.